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HEALTH CARE NEWS

US Congress extends CHIP, funds opioid crisis response following temporary shutdown

Publish date: February 9, 2018

By 

Gregory Twachtman 

Oncology Practice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Congress, despite a second shutdown in less than a month, was able to pass a number of financial extenders to fund key health care programs.

The bipartisan spending bill (H.R. 1892), passed in the early morning hours on Feb. 9 by a 71-28 vote in the Senate (16 Republicans and 12 Democrats voted against it, and Sen. John McCain [R-Ariz.] was not present) and a 240-186 vote in the House (67 Republicans and 119 Democrats voted against and 5 representatives did not vote). President Trump signed the bill later that morning.

 

The spending bill and continuing resolution to fund the government through March 23 includes $6 billion to fund treatment for opioid addiction and other mental health issues, $2 billion in additional funding for the National Institutes of Health, and 4 additional years of funding for the Children’s Health Insurance Program. The additional CHIP funding extends the program for a total of 10 years.

The funding bill also made a technical correction to the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) track of the Medicare Quality Payment Program. It removes Part B drug reimbursement from the MIPS payment adjustment, so any positive or negative change to physician payments based on the MIPS score will only be applied to physician fee schedule payments.

The bill also repeals the Independent Payment Advisory Board, a panel created by the Affordable Care Act that would have the power to slash Medicare spending under certain budget circumstances. That board was never convened.

The funding legislation also accelerates closure of the Medicare Part D “donut hole,” the coverage gap in which beneficiaries must pay 100% of medication costs prior to entering catastrophic coverage.

Just over $7 billion was provided for community health centers and Medicare’s therapy caps were repealed.

While the funding bill was written in the Senate with bipartisan input and received bipartisan support, Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) held up votes over objections to the more than $1 trillion it will add to the nation’s debt, as well as for the fact that there was no opportunity to introduce and vote on amendments, leading to an hours-long government shutdown.

There also were concerns about two issues that could have derailed the vote in the House. Democrats wanted to add language to address immigrants brought to this nation illegally as children, while some Republicans did not want to increase the federal debt. However, there were enough votes to pass the funding legislation.

gtwachtman@frontlinemedcom.com

Vaccine nonmedical exemptions creating metro ‘hotspots

Drotumdi O

From the Journals

Publish date: June 12, 2018
Richard Franki
Family Practice News

FROM PLOS MEDICINE

Recent increases in nonmedical exemptions (NMEs) to vaccination have created metropolitan “hotspots” with large numbers of unvaccinated children, according to a report published June 12 in PLoS Medicine.

Since 2009, NMEs based on philosophical beliefs have increased in 12 of the 18 states that currently allow them, although rates seem to have plateaued in some states since 2014. As a result of those increases, there were, during the 2016-2017 school year, 15 metro areas with kindergarten NME populations over 400, reported Jacqueline K. Olive, and her associates at Baylor College of Medicine. Their report was based on data from state health departments and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Leading the way was Maricopa County, Ariz., home of Phoenix and 2,947 unvaccinated kindergartners, which was more than triple the number in county/city No. 2, Salt Lake County/Salt Lake City (NME total: 956). Close behind in third was King County, Wash. (Seattle) at 940, followed by Multnomah County, Ore. (Portland) at 711 and Oakland County, Mich. (Troy) at 686, the investigators said.

[There was only room for 10 in the map, so here are hotspots 11-15: Wayne County, Mich. (Detroit); Allegheny County, Pa. (Pittsburgh); Travis County, Tex. (Austin); Jackson County, Mo. (Kansas City); and Spokane County, Wash. (Spokane).]

In addition to the large-population hotspots, there are also a number of mainly rural counties with smaller populations but high NME rates. Eight of the 10 highest such rates can be found in Idaho, and at the top of that list is Camas County, which had an NME rate of 27% in 2016-2017, the researchers reported.


Analysis of the relationship between NMEs and MMR vaccination showed that “states with more NME students exhibited lower MMR vaccination rates. In contrast, states that have banned NMEs – Mississippi, California, and West Virginia – exhibit the highest MMR vaccine uptake and lowest incidence of vaccine preventable diseases,” the investigators wrote.

Ms. Olive and her associates said that there was no specific funding for the study and that no conflicts of interest existed.

rfranki@mdedge.com

SOURCE: Olive JK et al. PLoS Med. 2018 Jun 12;15(6): e1002578. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002578.

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